Related Programmes

Project documents published during the SFM Project

1. Project Inception Report (English)
2. Comprehensive Baseline Study (English)
3. Project Midterm Review Report (English)
4. Project Terminal Evaluation Report (English)
5.Project Final Reports of RECOFTC and GERES (English)
6.Final Draft Wood and Biomass Energy Strategy (WBES) (Khmer)
7.Draft Prakas on Guideline of Procedure and Process of CPA Establishment (Khmer)
8.Final Draft Concept Notes of ACFM (English)
9.Final Draft Concept Note of CF Business Plan(English)
10.Exit Strategy of the SFM Project (English)
11.Impact Assessment of the SFM Capacity Development Scorecard (English)
12.CF Business Plan Impact Assessment (English)
13.Policy Brief of the SFM Capacity Building (English)
14.Best Practice and Success Stories on Efficient Energy (English)
15. Best Practice and Success Stories on CF CPA and CLUP (English)
16.Training manuals on CF and CPA (Khmer)
17.Commune Land Use Planning Books of Four Communes (Khmer)

Final SFM Project Report

Final SFM Project Report (English)


Sustainable Forest Management Project

The Northern Cardamom Mountain Landscape (NCML) covering the target provinces (Battambang, Kampong Chnnang, Kampong Speu and Pursat) contains forests that harbor globally important biodiversity (centered in the Cardamom Mountains Rainforests) and at the same time act as major carbon reserves, but are subject to a range of severe threats. The project offers an opportunity to minimize deforestation through sustainable management of the forest and alleviating poverty.

The principal underlying causes of all these threats are the de facto open-access nature of much of the forest resource, poorly developed governance conditions and high levels of demand for land and forest products. The underlying problem addressed by the project is that forests in Cambodia are subject to degradation and deforestation, due to the limited capacities and incentives that exist for the government and local people to ensure that they are managed in a sustainable manner (SFM Project Document, 2011).

The project is executed by the Forestry Administration (FA) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)  in close collaboration with the (a) the General Department of Administration Nature Conservation and Protection (GDANCP) of the Ministry of Environment (MOE); (b) the General Department of Energy (GDE) of the Ministry of Industry, Mine and Energy (MIME) and the General Department of Land Management and Urban Planning (GDLMUP) of the Ministry of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction (MLMUPC).


  • To strengthen national sustainable forest management (SFM) policy, integrate community-based sustainable forest management into policy, planning and investment framework and create markets for sustainable bio-energy technologies that reduce CO2 emission.


  1.  National capacities and tools exist to facilitate the widespread implementation of sustainable community-based forest management; and
  2. Community-based sustainable forest management is being implemented effectively within a context of cantonment/province, district and commune level planning and delivering concrete benefits to local communities.
  3. Strengthened demand and supply chain for energy efficiency

Key elements towards achieving the SFM outcomes

  • An integrated landscape approach to select target sites
  • Expert teams focused on building capacities and supporting technical, legal and policy frameworks to sustain results
  • Concrete results for communities through an enterprise approach with links to the private sector and markets for improving the income of the community
  • Introduction of efficient energy technologies
  • Close collaboration and regular communication with all partners and documentation of best practices and lessons learned Social inclusion and gender mainstreaming

Project key outputs and activities

  • Output 1: Capacity Building and Policy Development  
    • Community-based approaches to forest management and conservation
    • Forest management planning
    • Sustainable wood biomass supply and demand
    • Sustainable woodlot management
    • Efficient energy technologies
    • Business development support
    • Sustainable financing
  • Output 2 : Community – Based Sustainable Forest Management is Being Implemented
    • Preparation and conduct of training on Commune Land Use Planning (CLUP) at the Provincial Level and development of  4 CLUPs
    • Establishment and implementation of  Alternative Community Forestry Modalities (ACFM), ACFM management structure and ACFM management plan
    • Preparation of the 30 CF and 10 CPA Management plans
    • Enterprise Development – CF and CPA forest management and business development planning using Market Analysis and Development (MA&D)
    • Participatory Monitoring & Evaluation
    • Use field experience to develop lessons learned and policy recommendations
    • Supporting government agencies in reviewing relevant legislation
    • Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) and REDD+ to support revenue generated within the community
    • Establish a basis for replication of models and good practices linked to the sustainability of the project.
    • Providing strategic guidance for the gradual withdrawal from the project to continue the activities in a sustainable manner
  • Output 3 : Woodlot management Plan and Energy Efficiency Technologies in Places
    • Increase production of improved cook stoves (ICS) through establishment  6 ICS production centres/clusters
    • Community forest management plans for  5 community forestry woodlots for fuel wood production
    • Green Charcoal production through installation of 16 efficient charcoal kilns
    • Reduction of CO2  due to increased production and marketing of improved cook stoves based on reports
    • Increased income for stove producers


  • 2011 – February 2015

Budget and Funding

  • Total project cost  : USD 3,863,635
    • UNDP          : USD 1,500,000
    • GEF            : USD 2,363,635

Scope of the Project

The project will be implemented at national and sub-national level in four provinces surrounding the NCML: Kampong Speu, Kampong Chhnang, Pursat and Battambang constituting a range of interventions in the periphery of the NCML in order to contribute to the protection of this complex of PA and Protection Forests. The target Protected Area (PA) areas for CPA management plan development are Phnom Samkos and Phnom Aural Wildlife Sanctuaries.

Service providers:

RECOFTC and Mlup Baitang: Capacity building in SFM through development of CF/CPA forest management plans, ratification of CPA guidelines, trails of alternative CF modalities and SFM in CLUP

GERES: Strengthening the production and marketing of energy efficient cook stoves, efficient kilns and supply of wood biomass energy thru CF/CPA woodlots

Contact Person:

Mr. Khorn Saret
Forestry Administration

Project Manager
# 40 Norodom Boulevard, Khan Daun Penh Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: 855-92 954626